Peasants – These were the people who belonged to traditional class of farmers, either laborers or owners of small farms. When the bourgeoisie dreamed of representative government, it was a government that represented the propertied classes only. The haute bourgeoisie had become the economic masters of the nation, yet government and policy remained the domain of the royalty and their noble favourites. “The social structure on the European continent still bore an aristocratic imprint, the legacy of an era when, because land was virtually the sole source of wealth, those who owned it assumed all rights over those who worked it… Almost the whole population was lumped into a ‘third order’, called in France the Third Estate. Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (History - Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution) based on the latest CBSE 9th SST Syllabus 2020-21. If they belonged to a parish, as most did, they were expected to pay an annual tithe to the church. where did the National Assembly meet after the king ordered them to disperse? new ideas that were coming out of the Enlightenment, three major causes of the French Revolution: revolutionary ideas-, the division of the 3 estates and unfair taxation laws, three major causes of the French Revolution: social causes-, the 1770s-1780s brought economic depression with a downturn of economics and and trade; led to lack of work and hungry, three major causes of the French Revolution: economic depression-, to describe an aggressive overthrow of a government structure of social construct, a complete turn around from one way of doing things to another way, what is a REVOLUTION? Other members of the Third Estate lived and worked in France’s towns and cities. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. Unskilled labourers worked as servants, cleaners, hauliers, water carriers, washerwomen, hawkers – in short, anything that did not require training or membership of a guild. 5. Conditions in these tenements were cramped, unhygienic and uncomfortable. There was no heating, plumbing or common ablutions. The poor harvests of 1788-89 pushed Parisian workers to the brink by driving up bread prices. The third social class were the Yeomen. Clergy were also an important part of the social order during the Middle Ages, though they were not necessarily considered a separate class. - Each class had its own privileges and responsibilities. First Estate b. The social class that most people belonged to in ancient Egypt was merchants. All commoners paid tribute to the nobility in the form of crops, labor, or manufactured goods. - At the bottom of the class structure were the slaves. The peasants and urban workers were politically invisible to the bourgeoisie – just as the bourgeoisie was itself politically invisible to the Ancien Régime. Publisher: Alpha History Others started tilling the land and became peasants. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. Comprising between 82 and 88 per cent of the population, peasant-farmers were the nation’s poorest social class. Not all members of the Third Estate were impoverished. It looks like your browser needs an update. Propertied classes were eliminated, and a proletarian dictatorship was established in which workers and peasants emerged as the nominal new masters of a socialist and ultimately classless state. Social classes in the Mesopotamia Babylonia: There were several levels in the social hierarchy with the Pharaoh at the top and the slaves at the bottom. 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