Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. [207], Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town. Infiltration from Bangladesh and non-existence of family planning are the two important reasons which are resulting in the growth of the Muslim population in the state of West Bengal. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second largest after Hindu religion of 64.3 Million. [220], Other higher education institutes of importance in West Bengal include: St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (the first IIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (the first IIEST), Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, and West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences. Marwari, Maithil and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmosand et… [39] Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari. Bengali pride/asmita. ... विश्व डाटा अट्लास. [96], 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. The TMC is trying to invoke the Bengali pride among the voting population, in line with BJP’s ‘Gujarati asmita’ poll plank in Gujarat, following good response to its insider versus outsider campaign. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal. World Population > India Population West Bengal Population West Bengal is the eastern state of India located along the Bay of Bengal in the east, bordering Bihar, Jharkhand to the west, Odisha to the north-west, Bangladesh to the east, Nepal and Bhutan to the north. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state's population. [106] Each district is subdivided into sub-divisions, governed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate, and again into blocks. [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%. The North 24 paraganas is the largest district and Dakshin Dinajpur is the smallest by Population. [217] In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. The state capital is Kolkata, the third-largest metropolis, and seventh largest city by population in India. [118]:14 Tea is produced commercially in northern districts; the region is well known for Darjeeling and other high-quality teas. Sensing opportunity, politicians are jumping into the fray. All are important cultural events. People in the state have often stood up to authoritarian governments. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. [142] Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes in cities. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. This preprint has a lot of Bengalis from Birbhum district in West Bengal of various castes. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830. DEMOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL: Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. West Bengal also has the highest number of incidents of attempt to rape at 944, victims at 958 and the second highest rate at 2. [210], As of 2016 85% of children within the 6 to 17-year age group attend school (86% do so in urban areas and 84% in rural areas). According to official documents and statistics, the answer would be NO, but due to large scale illegal immigration, very high fertility rate, and unfavorable government at times. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. [114] GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. [140], Several government-owned organisations operate bus services in the state, including: the Calcutta State Transport Corporation, the North Bengal State Transport Corporation, the South Bengal State Transport Corporation, the West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation and the Calcutta Tramways Company. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. [146] Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. [166], The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that West Bengal has the lowest fertility rate among Indian states. [49], The Bengal Renaissance and the Brahmo Samaj socio-cultural reform movements significantly influenced the cultural and economic life of Bengal. [90], West Bengal is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. [46] Calcutta, the headquarters of the East India company, was named the capital of British-held territories in India in 1773. [47] The failed Indian rebellion of 1857 started near Calcutta and resulted in a transfer of authority to the British Crown,[48] administered by the Viceroy of India. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. [214][215] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. T he spotlight in 2021 seems to be on the West Bengal assembly election but it is the Assam polls that will tell the big political story of recent years — another convincing win by the Bharatiya Janata Party would show how it has learnt to capture territories that are not organic to it, not just electorally, but also politically and culturally. [54] In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. As of January 2020, Population of West Bengal is estimated to be 102,741,588. [98] The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal. [175] In modern times, Jibanananda Das has been acknowledged as "the premier poet of the post-Tagore era in India". 2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf In urban areas, many women and men wear western attire. The population development of the State of West Bengal by census years. A brief history of migration in West Bengal. Kazi Nazrul University was established in 2012. [90] Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. May 18, 2019, 9:58 PM IST Indrajit Hazra in Red Herring , India , TOI Facebook Twitter Linkedin Email [29] According to the Sri Lankan chronicle Mahavamsa, Prince Vijaya (c. 543 – c. 505 BCE), a Vanga Kingdom prince, conquered Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka) and named the country Sinhala Kingdom. [12] Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion),[3] and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600). Observed in the Battle of Plassey in 1757 when India gained independence in 1947 Burma Lower... 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